Start Submission Become a Reviewer

Reading: Analysis of patients admitted with history of road traffic accidents to surgical unit B Teac...

Download

A- A+
dyslexia friendly

Research Articles

Analysis of patients admitted with history of road traffic accidents to surgical unit B Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka

Authors:

WAK Weerawardena ,

Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura, LK
X close

TDB Illanagasingha,

Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura, LK
X close

IJ Piyadasa,

Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura, LK
X close

SM Rathnayaka,

Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura, LK
X close

WTDUPL Subaweera,

Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura, LK
X close

GAL Niroshana

Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura, Anuradhapura, LK
X close

Abstract

Background
Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) is a leading cause of morbidity, mortalityand disability in Sri Lanka. Identification of factors associated with RTA in local settings is essential in redusing the burden of this condition

Methods
We analyzed consecutive patients admitted with RTA toSurgical Unit-B,Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura from 01/10/ 2012 to 31/03/2013. Epidemiology, injury pattern, vehicle type, cause for accident and contributory factors were noted.

Results
Altogether, 214 consecutive patients with an age range of 01- 75 years were studied. Males accounted for 77.6%(n=166) of the study sample.. Vehicle type involved with the injury included, motorcycle 138(65%), bicycles 23(11%), three wheelers 23(11%), tractors 11(5%), buses 5(2%), lorries 6(3%), cars 2(1%) and other3(1%). There were 135(64%) drivers /riders, 59(28%) passengers and 17(08%)pedestrians.Causes for accidents included wrong driving/riding 54(25%), other vehicle collided 46(22%), animal crossing road 39(18%), mechanical failure 14(7%), poor road 18(9%), glare 4(2%), man crossing road 8(4%), garment trapping the wheel 5(2%), rain 6(3%). Contributory factors included alcohol use in 32%, no helmet 39% of riders, no driving license for 47% in recorded cases. There were 33 fractures, 2 intracranial hemorrhages.

Conclusion
Majority of RTA involved motor bicycles. Lack of driving license for 47% of rider/drivers itself explain wrong driving/ridding to be the main cause for accidents. Alcohol is a major contributory factor for RTA in this population.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/amj.v7i1.6133

Anuradhapura Medical Journal 2013 7(1): 2-5

How to Cite: Weerawardena, W. et al., (2013). Analysis of patients admitted with history of road traffic accidents to surgical unit B Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. Anuradhapura Medical Journal. 7(1), pp.2–5. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/amj.v7i1.6133
Published on 09 Oct 2013.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus