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Impact of alcohol on patients with head injury

Authors:

N L Weerasinghe ,

National Hospital Sri Lanka, LK
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S P Athiththan,

National Hospital Sri Lanka, LK
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S Wadanamby

National Hospital Sri Lanka, LK
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Abstract

Background Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious public health problem in Sri Lanka. Alcohol consumption is associated with drowsiness, impaired judgment, decreased perception and coordination. Methods All patients admitted to Neurosurgical Unit NHSL with TBIs (moderate-severe head injury and/or pathological finding on computed tomography) during the month of May 2015 were analyzed. Demographic data, mode of injury, glasgow coma scale (GCS), alcohol use, management and outcome were recorded. Data were analyzed with independent sample t test and chi square test using SPSS software. Results Among the 150 patients 83.3% were males where 47.3% (71) patients have consumed alcohol. Consumption was highest among motor bike drivers with 72% (47). Average GCS was lower (10) in alcoholic patients when compared to non-alcoholics (11) but, it was not statistically significant (P=0.15). This difference was observed even at discharge 13 verses 14 respectively. Intensive care unit or high dependency unit (ICU/HDU) admissions were significantly higher (P=0.037) among alcoholics (58%) than non-alcoholics (42%). Requirement of any form of neurosurgical intervention was not significantly higher (P=0.299) among alcoholics than non-alcoholics (42% verses 37%). Conclusions Alcohol consumption significantly increased the requirement of ICU/HDU care leading to enhanced hospital cost. Alcohol consumption may also affect the performance at work due to low GCS. Further studies with larger sample size will be required to validate the above findings.
DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/amj.v9i2Supp.7576
How to Cite: Weerasinghe, N.L., Athiththan, S.P. & Wadanamby , S., (2015). Impact of alcohol on patients with head injury. Anuradhapura Medical Journal. 9(2Supp), p.S27. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/amj.v9i2Supp.7576
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Published on 28 Oct 2015.
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