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Management of Urinary Tract infections in Children: Compliance with the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines?

Authors:

J Sivalingam ,

Teaching Hospital Jaffna, Sri Lanka, LK
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E Ikpakwu,

Bronglais GH, , GB
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G Liyanage

Colombo South Teaching Hospital, Kalubowila, LK
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Abstract

Background Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common among children. Management of UTI requires prompt diagnosis, treatment and most often, a regular follow up. Objective of the study was to evaluate compliance with the NICE guidelines 2007 when managing children with UTI at Bronglais General Hospital, Aberystwyth, United Kingdom. Method Study design was descriptive, retrospective and single centered study. Study population was 96 children aged 0 to16 year managed at above hospital during 2012 to 2014 period with confirmed UTI. Results Only 25% of infants less than 3 months old received intravenous antibiotics, deviating from the guidelines. Majority had oral only (25%) or intravenous followed by oral antibiotics (50%). For treatment of lower tract infection, duration of antibiotics prescription was longer than recommended. Overall adherence to investigations such as ultrasonography (USS), DMSA and Micturating Cysto-urethrogram (MCUG) was 81%, 91% and 93% respectively. All children with recurrent UTIs were prescribed antibiotic prophylaxis adhering to NICE guidelines. Conclusions This study highlights the disparity in the management of UTI in children despite established guidelines.
DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/amj.v9i2Supp.7591
How to Cite: Sivalingam, J., Ikpakwu, E. & Liyanage, G., (2015). Management of Urinary Tract infections in Children: Compliance with the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines?. Anuradhapura Medical Journal. 9(2Supp), p.S42. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/amj.v9i2Supp.7591
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Published on 28 Oct 2015.
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