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Research Articles

Prevalence and factors associated with adjustment to learning environment; A study among first-year nursing students at four government nursing schools in Sri Lanka

Authors:

W. M. S. K. Wijayasundara ,

School of Nursing, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka., LK
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M. K. D. L. Meegoda

Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Sri Jayawardenapura, Sri Lanka., LK
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Abstract

Abstract

 

Introduction

Adjustment to the school of nursing as a newcomer is crucial for academic progress and a successful career in the future as well as a successful life as an individual. To be effective nurses in the future, the new students should enjoy an optimal level of psychological and physical well-being, a spiritual sense of serving the society and the best practice of study and work. This study aimed to assess the level and factors associated with adjustment to the new learning environment among first-year nursing students of government nursing schools in Sri Lanka.

 

Methods

A descriptive survey was conducted in a random sample of 420 first-year nursing students from the schools of nursing of Ampara, Batticaloa, Jaffna and Vavuniya, using a pre-tested self-administered questionnaire comprised of Students Adjustment to the College Questionnaire (SACQ).

 

Results

The total adjustment was found to have a low value among the majority of the participants (98.8%) compared with the sample validated for SACQ questionnaire. Similar trends were seen in all categorical parameters: academic adjustment (91.3%), social adjustment (91.3 %), personal adjustment (51.2%) and institutional adjustment (98.1%). Gender, ethnicity, age, receiving psychological support and receiving academic assistance with adjustment were found to have a significant association (P < 0.05).  Personal factors (61.67%) were reported as the most difficult in adjustment during the first academic year. Using professional knowledge in clinical practice (62.2%), socializing (60.8%), regular attendance to clinical training (65.5%) and receiving learning support (60.2%) were perceived as the most difficult in their adjustment.

 

Conclusion

The majority of the students had a poor adjustment to the learning environment. Institutional maladjustment was most prevalent. The personal factors were greatly affecting for adjustment at the first academic year. Continued learning support, supervision and socialization programs need to be strengthened in the nursing school environment and in the clinical learning environment.

How to Cite: Wijayasundara, W.M.S.K. and Meegoda, M.K.D.L., 2022. Prevalence and factors associated with adjustment to learning environment; A study among first-year nursing students at four government nursing schools in Sri Lanka. Anuradhapura Medical Journal, 16(3), pp.08–13. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/amj.v16i3.7694
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Published on 24 Dec 2022.
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