The Scientific Attitude, different from the attitude to science, is discussed in relation to Eastern and Western modes of thinking; it is also differentiated from Scientism. The literature from western as well as Indian authors, and the comments of Joseph Needham on China, are included. The topics considered are the history of science, the importance of science, its methodologies, determinants of the growth of modern science, internal and external factors in the growth of science, education in science, documentation of science and technology, and determinants of the modes of thinking about science and its practice: these determinants include religion, tradition, utilitarianism, and administration in science. The major point of contrast between the attitudes of East versus West is argued to be religious versus secular. A relevant bibliography is provided.
How to Cite:
Arseculeratne, S., (2014). The Scientific Attitude (The Scientific Temper) in Eastern and Western societies. Anuradhapura Medical Journal. 8(1), pp.22–29. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/amj.v8i1.6757